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  • Overview
  • Who We Are
  • What We Do
  • What's New
  • Publications
  • Links
    NAWCC (Canada) Secretariat
    Canadian Wildlife Service
    Environment and Climate Change Canada
    Place Vincent Massey
    351 St. Joseph Boulevard
    Gatineau, Quebec
    K1A 0H3
  • The North American Wetlands Conservation Act

    The North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) is a U.S. Act passed by the United States Congress in 1989 to conserve North American wetland ecosystems and waterfowl and the other migratory birds and fish and wildlife that depend upon such habitats.

    Funds generated under the Act must be used for wetlands conservation projects - essentially the securement, restoration, enhancement and/or management of wetland ecosystems. Other activities related to conservation projects such as stewardship, evaluation and communications can be funded by NAWCA funds or by other associated funds, depending on the eligibility criteria. The Act encourages partnerships among public agencies and other interests as valuable mechanisms for wetland conservation, and proposals submitted for funding under the Act must include a substantial partnership component.

    For more information on NAWCA, visit the Division of Bird Habitat Conservation, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) website at and

    Canada and NAWCA

    Funds generated under the Act are made available to Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. Each country has its own process and system for developing and submitting proposals that make use of these funds. Typically, approximately US $25 million per year is available to Canada under NAWCA for wetland conservation.

    The NAWCA provides a mechanism to leverage NAWCA Funds with non-federal U.S. funds and provide this funding to Canada and Mexico in support of wetland projects that benefit waterfowl and other wetland-dependant or wetland-associated migratory birds. NAWCA proposals from Canada must have at least a one-to-one match of U.S non-federal funds to the NAWCA Funds being requested through the Act. Under the 2010 Amendment to the NAWCA, these "Match funds", can now include U.S. non-federal funding and/or Canadian (federal or non-federal) funding. It is important to note that the Canadian portion may comprise up to 50% of the total Match funds.

    In addition to the NAWCA funds and the Match funds, "Other Contributions" from Canadian and other international partners are not legally required under NAWCA, but they do however indicate the level of support for the project to the NAWCC (U.S.) and enhance the project's viability. These contributions include any Canadian or international funding related to the project that is above and beyond the required Match Funding, and also any funding that will be used for project activities that are not eligible for NAWCA funding or Match funding.

    In Canada, NAWCA proposals support a broad scale wetland conservation program. The federal government, Joint Ventures, provincial governments and NGO's each play a role in the proposal process. They develop 5-year and 15-year plans that set out measurable goals for wetland securement, enhancement and management, and determine the activities that will best help them reach these goals.

    Figure 1 below illustrates the agencies and committees involved in the Canadian NAWCA proposal process. For further details, on the process, please click here.

    For Summaries of Approved Canadian Projects:
  • 2006-1 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2006-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2007-1 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2007-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2008-1 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2008-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2009-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2010-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2011-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2012-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2013-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2014-3 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2015-2 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2016 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2017 NAWCA Proposals
  • 2018 NAWCA Proposals

    Migratory Bird Treaty Act Gulf Spill Proposals
  • 2014-3 MBTA Proposals
  • 2015-2 MBTA Proposals
  • 2016 MBTA Proposals
  • 2017 MBTA Proposals
  • 2018 MBTA Proposals
  • For Further Information

    For further information on the NAWCA proposal process in Canada, please contact:

    Canadian NAWCA Program Coordinator
    Place Vincent Massey
    351 St. Joseph Boulevard
    Gatineau, Quebec
    K1A 0H3

    If you are interested in developing a proposal or becoming a partner, please contact the following:

    In British Columbia,:
    Coordinator, Pacific Coast Joint Venture and Canadian Intermountain Joint Venture
    Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
    5421 Robertson Road, RR#1
    Delta, British Columbia
    V4K 3N2
    Tel: (604) 940-4703
    Fax: (604) 946-7022

    In Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Yukon:
    Coordinator, Prairie Habitat Joint Venture
    Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
    4999 98th Avenue, 2nd Floor
    Edmonton, Alberta
    T6B 2X3
    Tel: (780) 951-8652
    Fax: (780) 495-2615

    In Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland:
    Coordinator, Eastern Habitat Joint Venture
    Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
    17 Waterfowl Lane,
    Sackville, New Brunswick
    E4L 1G6
    Tel: (506) 364-5085
    Fax: (506) 364-5062

    © North American Wetlands Conservation Council (Canada)